Favorite Food

Trout love a variety of food but what they eat depends on what type of prey is available from one body of water to another and from season to season. From the angler's point of view, knowing what types of prey the trout feeds on throughout the year will be to your advantage.

Remember that while you need a trout to strike in order to have a good day of fishing, there is more to success than that. You also need to have knowledge of the trout and the types of food it eats and when. The best way to accomplish this is before you start throwing in your line to fish the minute you arrive at the lake, river, or stream, take time to observe the water and its surroundings.

Keep a journal of the type of food you find in a trout's belly based on the location being fished and the time of day and season. This will help you in the future, so you know the best type of bait to use the next time you fish that water at that time. Additionally, pay attention to any subsurface creatures, which will help you choose the right brightness and color of spinner for that particular body of water.

When it comes to the types of fish that trout eat, there are two categories. The first is aquatic, which are animals that are based in the water and terrestrial, which are the air-based animals. The following are a few examples of what each would include:

Aquatic Food




A real delicacy for trout, which is found in stagnant and still water


Small, ivory fly that is found on the water's surface in warm, humid weather

Damselfly (Odonata)

Very large fly with the male being a green-blue color and the female, tan-brown

Frogs and Tadpoles

Trout love these and will feed on them as a regular part of their diet

Juvenile Fish

Trout commonly feed on smaller or juvenile fish, which also includes trout

Sledge (Caddis, Trichoptera)

These moth-like creatures are found lying close to the bottom of the water during late spring and early summer

Stonefly (Plecoptera)

This is a hard-winged fly that is typically found overseas during late spring and early summer although there are some rivers and lakes where they reside


Upwing (Dayfly, Mayfly,


This insect is a favorite of trout, as they are large and are typically found on rivers, opposed to lakes and streams

w ~

Terrestrial Food





Trout love to eat ants and will catch them from the water's surface or while in flight





Trout will feed on these insects throughout the year, especially during the warm summer months, as they land or fall into the water

Crane Fly (Daddy Long Legs)

Typically found in Northern states, these insects are found primarily in spring until fall


When trout see Hawthorn, they actually go into a feeding frenzy, as these insects are large and land on the water so trout have easy access



This type of insect is usually eaten during the mid-summer

__ H


This insect is also a staple for trout and eaten during late summer and early fall


By learning what each of these and other food types look like and when they are most prominent, you can use the food toward your advantage in catching trout. When you find the various food types, you can expect that trout will be close by.

Additionally, this is information that will help you know the times when trout are most active, thus resulting in catching more fish. Again, keep in mind that the type of food, whether aquatic of terrestrial, will vary based on the time of day, the time of season, and the temperature of the water.

It would also be to your benefit to learn what the eggs of both aquatic and terrestrial creatures look like. The reason this is important is that many creatures will lay their eggs close to the water in old logs, overhanging tree branches, or merely along the water's edge. On occasion, the eggs can fall into the water and become a delicacy for the trout. Knowing what the eggs look like and where they are laid is yet one more tip to having a successful day of fishing.

You also want to look for larvae or nymphs, also known as "juveniles". For this type of flying aquatic animal to complete its transformation from the larvae or nymph to adulthood, it must swim its way to the surface of the water. Many times, before they make their way to the surface, the trout will enjoy a nice meal.

Trout also feed on surface foods, which can be pushed underneath the water by pools or rapids. Small fish such as shrimp, juvenile fish of any species, and juvenile trout will often be taken by large trout. By observing the lakes, rivers, and streams where you will be fishing and knowing the type of foods that the trout will be looking for is one more advantage for you.

Riverbeds are notorious feeding spots for trout, as they are typically a great spot to find freshwater crayfish, also called "yabbies", juvenile fish, shrimp, snails, and so on.

0 0


Post a comment