Brook Trout salvelinus fontinalis

This name is actually taken from the old name for the Char, sharing the same root name for the German Saibling, which translates to "little salmon" with the Latin word, fontinalis, translating to "living in springs".

Although considered a trout, the Brook Trout is actually a member of the Char family, being closely related by the Great Lake Char or Mackinaw, and the Atlantic Char.

The coloration of the Brook Trout is a dark upper body that is an olive/brown color. The lower portion of the fish has an orange-like color with light spots on the head, body, and the tail section. One way to tell a Brook Trout from other species of Trout is that they have unique wavy, worm-like patterns on the back and dorsal fin.

Other distinguishing features include the pectoral and anal fins, which are grayish and have wide margins that face forward, the large jaw that extends well beyond the level of the eye, and the tail, which is deeply forked.

You might hear other anglers refer to the Brook Trout as "Coasters" or "Brookies", which are different versions of this species that are a cross of the Brook Trout and Speckled Trout and sea-run.

A Brook Trout is considered matured by the age of five. Although there are official records of Brook Trout reaching 20 inches in length, this is not typical. In most cases, this species of trout reaches a length from 10 to 14 inches.

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