Spinner Loss

Unfortunately, many anglers make the mistake of spending too much thought and time worrying about losing spinners. After all, when trout fishing you are going to be casting over rocks, around shrubbery, and over tree branches, which means that spinners will be lost no matter how careful you are. If you focus so much on the spinner so you do not lose it, you will not be casting properly, which will affect the way in which you cast. This mentality needs to change if you want to be a good angler...

Shadows

If you try to fish using a trout's shadow, you are setting yourself up for failure by being deceived. This is especially true when fishing deep waters or far from the shoreline. Your best option for accuracy is to use the sun to determine locations. As we know, shadows are cast at a number of different angles. Therefore, when you see a shadow that you perceive to be a trout, before you do anything, look at the position of the sun. In your mind, create an imaginary line that starts at the shadow...

Proper Attire

While everything you have learned thus far is important, it is crucial that you choose proper attire, which is just as important. Depending on where and when you fish, you will be faced with a number of situations that require special type of clothing. Without proper fishing attire, you will find yourself getting cold, wet, and miserable. When this occurs, your mind is on one thing - getting warm and dry - not on fishing Typically, for trout or any other type of fishing, you would need boots...

Fishing Shoreline Reeds

When weeds grow along a shoreline, they are referred to as reeds. Although you do have to be careful when fishing around reeds to avoid becoming snagged, they make outstanding shelter for trout. When fishing reeds, your best bet is to use an inexpensive or one of your homemade spinners since chances are you will lose a few. However, by being patient, you will most often find a great place where there is an abundance of trout so you do not mind losing a few spinners.

Practice Makes Perfect

Just like with anything you want to succeed in, casting also takes practice. If you remain focused and adopt a can-do attitude, you will quickly learn these three techniques and more. It does take time but the better you become at casting, the more fish you will catch. To practice the right way, you need to work in lakes, rivers, and streams so you become accustomed to all types of water. When not heading out to the water use your own backyard to practice. When visiting your local sporting...

Smell and Taste

Can smell travel in water You bet it can. In fact, smells travel as water-soluble particles and travel exceedingly well. If you are fishing for trout using spinners or artificial lures, various scents will help make them more appealing. Unfortunately for the angler but great for the trout - the worse the bait smells, the more it will work to attract the fish. The nasal passages that trout have are lined with special sensory cells. Additionally, trout have taste buds similar to those of a human...

Spinners

One piece of equipment that you will find in every angler's tackle box is spinners. A well made spinner will work with you to attract the trout, whether you choose to use bait or not. For this reason, the spinner is the ideal way to catch fish without the mess of having to use bait. Fishing conditions change based on a number of factors such as weather, current, height, depth, clarity, and width of the water, shelter, and so on. This means that the spinner you use will change depending on the...

Feeding Temperatures

As you now know, identifying the area where trout are waiting in lie to feed is one ways in which you will catch them. Therefore, knowing the temperature that is optimum for feeding is to your advantage. The feeding range is very different from the survival range in that trout need the water temperature to be from 50 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. As you will see in the following table, these numbers do change from one species to another, adding water speed into the equation The temperature of the...

Relocation

Flexibility is an operative word when it comes to trout fishing. If you are fishing one spot but not having much success, you need to relocate to another spot. Try to move in an upstream direction, looking for pools or pockets in the water. As you walk upstream, stop about every four feet and cast. This will allow you to cover just about every area of the water. Remember, you might fish one spot and catch nothing but move five feet and find a bunch of trout. Therefore, do not walk upstream and...

Favorite Food

Trout love a variety of food but what they eat depends on what type of prey is available from one body of water to another and from season to season. From the angler's point of view, knowing what types of prey the trout feeds on throughout the year will be to your advantage. Remember that while you need a trout to strike in order to have a good day of fishing, there is more to success than that. You also need to have knowledge of the trout and the types of food it eats and when. The best way to...

Gaiters

Although a little different, gaiters are somewhat like a pair of waders in that they are waterproof and rather than cover the entire lower portion of the body, they cover from the knees down. The great thing about gaiters is that you can wear them in the winter for wading in cold streams or in the summer to protect your legs from shrubbery, rocks, and so on. Therefore, they actually serve a purpose regardless of the time of year you enjoy trout fishing. Waders offer a huge advantage to anglers....

Wading Boots and Shoes

Although you could use wading boots or shoes, there are some disadvantages along with the advantages. For instance, the wading boot shoe is generally designed so it hits around the ankle. The purpose of this is to allow the angler to get in and out of the water. As you shop around, you will find that most wading boots shoes are made from neoprene, which is an excellent material for keeping the feet dry. Additionally, the traditional wading boot shoe will have a good rubber sole that is ideal...

Trout Anatomy

Learning the anatomy of each trout species will help you fish better. As you look at the upper portion of the trout, there is the dorsal fin. Following this fin is the adipose fin, which is located on the body between the dorsal fin and tail. At the end of the fish is the tail or caudal fin with the anal fin at the base of the body and by the anal opening. Next is the ventral fin, which is found on the lower part of the body. Then, just behind the gill-cover, you will find the pectoral fin and...

Closed Face and Spin Casting

In North America, these two types of reels are among the best sellers. As you see with the Closed Face reel in the photo, they are designed similar to a Thread Reel but top-mounted option. The only difference is that the reel is designed with a spool cover that features a special hole for the line to be let out. Many anglers like these reels in that they are smaller but have a good line capacity. Both of these reels like the Spin Casting reel in this photo are easy to use and with the button...

Drag

With these reels such as the Spinning Reel to the right, you can choose from either a front or read-drag adjustment system. Although most anglers prefer the read drag, the choice is yours to make. Rear Drag - The nice thing about the rear drag is that they help keep just the right amount of line out when you get hold of a fighting trout. If you have ever been trout fishing before, then you know exactly the level of fight this fish can put up. With this option, you will find that they have a...

Line Strength

To classify fishing line, it is measured by its strength. To make this determination, manufacturers use a special test called the Brighton Strand Test, which involves taking portions of line that is straight and unknotted and then applying various levels of stress until it finally breaks. The point at which the fishing line breaks is considered the test strength or breaking strain. The discovery made by the manufacturers using this test is that for trout fishing, your best options of strength...

Swivel

This simple tool can make your time on the water much more enjoyable. A swivel helps keep your fishing line from twisting. All you do is attached the swivel to the line and with the built-in bearing system, the line is stopped from becoming twisted entering the water and being retrieved. Swivels come in two types - a bearing-type, also known as a quick release or a fixed loop that has two closed loops. The first type is great if you want to change out your spinner quickly but both will save you...

Riverbank Fishing

If you are just starting out learning to fish for trout, you will find that almost every lake, river, or stream you go to will have anglers standing on the riverbank. This method of fishing can be quite productive and offers some great advantages. For one, you are not in the water so you stay dry and warm, which again, allows you to remain focused on the casting and retrieval and not how miserable you are. If you are fishing on a body of water that is not wide, you can have a lot of fun and...

Sunglasses

Interestingly, many anglers get out on the water and forget one very important thing - sunglasses. As you have learned earlier in this book, to be good at trout fishing, you need to be able to see the environment, both outside and inside the water. If you are without sunglasses, the water will have a glare making it hard to see much of anything. To help you see through the water, a pair of quality, polarized sunglasses will soon become your best friend. This type of sunglasses helps by cutting...

Tackle

Tackle bags are designed with internal pockets that make carrying tackle a cinch. You will find all different sizes but keep in mind that while the larger size might be tempting to buy, it could be overkill. This means you will be carrying more than you need too, again leading to fatigue that will affect the way you fish. Instead, look for a tackle bag that will accommodate the things you like to carry on fishing trips, one that is made from canvas or cordura, and one that has a shoulder strap,...

Baitcaster and Levelwind

Both of these reel types such as the Baitcaster in the left-hand photo are top-mounted, which makes this design a little bulkier than other reels. Unfortunately, with this problem of bulk and added weight, the reel is not as balanced, which can be a big contributor of the angler's fatigue. On a positive note, these reels have an outstanding clutch or drag system as well as top capacity. This is great in that you can load the reel with more line than what you could with other reels. With these...

Brown Trout salmo trutta

Trutta is the Latin word that translates to trout. This particular species has an olive brown or dark brown colored back while the lower section of the body tends to be a silverfish color. On the head, body, and dorsal fin you will see large black spots and on the midline are either orange or red spots. Some Brown Trout will also have spots that seem halo. The tail of the Brown Trout is square, the jaw is long, and the head tends to be a little on the pointed side. For this species of trout,...

Travel Patterns

In rivers, or streams that are constant flowing, you will discover that a trout will travel far less than in water that changes all the time. The reason for this is that in water that is constantly changing, the water is regulated and therefore, prone to ever-changing water temperatures. Since trout want consistent water temperatures that have adequate oxygen, they like the constant flowing water where those factors are more consistent. If you fish in wild rivers, do not be surprised to find...

Size of the Spinner

The way that spinner size is determined is by the weight. For this reason, when you fish with large spinners, you will find that you can cast further because the spinner is heavier than a smaller spinner. Typically, a large spinner will be made with a larger blade, which creates more surface area. This additional surface area is what produces a higher degree of reflection or flash. If you are fishing large trout, then you need a large spinner just as if fishing smaller trout, you would choose a...

Refraction

Okay, so what is refraction This is when any type of wave, such as water or light, is bent or turned as it passes through one medium to another. The result is that a new M optical density is achieved. Refraction was a discovery made by Willebrord Snell and this discovery has given anglers a huge advantage when it comes to catching trout. What happens is that when light hits the water, its reflection slows down and then bends. This creates what is called a refraction window, which is what trout...

Male or Female

You can tell a male from a female trout by looking at the formation of the lower jaw. The female does not have a hook or kype like that of the male as seen in the photo to the left. Additionally, for the female, she will have an egg sac located near the stomach. Unfortunately, this sac is not detectible until after the fish is caught and the fish gutted, at which time the sac would be revealed and filled with eggs. The photo of the male to the right shows the difference in the formation of the...

Bull Trout salvelinus confluentus

Bull Trout were most commonly known for living in large rivers all the way from the Rocky Mountains to Alberta, Canada. The Bull Trout is a member of the North American salmon family but today, is listed on the endangered list in the United States. Sadly, the future of the Bull Trout is not a positive one. Bull Trout can be identified by a unique white edge that runs down the fins as well as a light yellow to crimson spots that sit against a darker color such as brown or olive green. The tail...

Open Face Bail Spinning Reel Threadline

As mentioned, of all the reel types on the market, these three are the most widely used in the world. You can choose from a variety of sizes ranging from small to medium, enjoy the great line capacity, and you will love the ease in which these reels are handled, as seen with the Open Face Bail reel to the left. Whether you are left or right-handed, the handled can be changed to accommodate. All of these reels are balanced for mountable under the rod, and the perfect choice for lightweight...

Brook Trout salvelinus fontinalis

This name is actually taken from the old name for the Char, sharing the same root name for the German Saibling, which translates to little salmon with the Latin word, fontinalis, translating to living in springs. Although considered a trout, the Brook Trout is actually a member of the Char family, being closely related by the Great Lake Char or Mackinaw, and the Atlantic Char. The coloration of the Brook Trout is a dark upper body that is an olive brown color. The lower portion of the fish has...

Vision

Trout Vision

One of the most improved senses of the trout is without doubt, the vision. To gain a better understand of how a trout's eyes work and why they are so important to their existence, we will compare them with the human eye. Similarities found between the human and trout's eyes include Both have Rods and Cones, which are light sensitive cells As you begin your stalking of trout, once you know how they use their eyes, you will gain a significant advantage. Since trout have monocular vision, they...

Understanding Trout Behavior

The best way to become an outstanding angler is to understand the behavior of a trout. By knowing how the various trout species behave and react, you will significantly improve your ability to catch the fish. Keep in mind, that just like animals and other fish, each of the trout species have their own characteristics. Knowing how to identify these characteristics is what puts you in control. For you to understand trout's characteristics, you need to learn about their feeding habits, how they...

Pan Fried Trout with Macadamia Nut and Prune Filling

1 1 2 cups Macadamia nuts, chopped fine 1 cup prunes, pitted and chopped fine 1 teaspoon parsley, chopped 1 teaspoon dill, chopped 1 teaspoon virgin olive oil In a bowl, mix the nuts, prunes, sherry, and breadcrumbs until well blended. Season with sea salt and pepper, add in parsley and dill. Fill the cavity of each trout with the mixture, using toothpicks to secure them closed. In a skillet, heat the oil, cooking each side of the trout about four minutes. Just before serving, squeeze on the...