The Chironomids

If you study some of the English literature on fly fishing you will find reference to smutting fish - where the trout are on the rise but to small 'midges'. The author remembers reading - "Try a Wickham's Fancy - it it doesn't work go home." The stages of the chironomid are shown in Figure 10.42, and the fly tier will recognize that they are in the same order, (Dipterals the house fly. These are the two-winged insects.

Chironomids Fly

One of Victoria's outstanding fishers, Australian Casting Champion, member of the Australian Fly Fishing team in the World Championships, Southern member John Rumpf has devoted a great deal of his time to a study of these insects and their importance to the fly fisher. John ties exquisite flies and many*a chironomid scooping trout has fallen victim to them. After a recent visit to Eucumbene, member of the Southern, Jack Purchase, rang with a distinct message: "If you don't know about chironomids, you MUST find out____If you don't know how to tie them you MUST learn!!!!!" Jack had just witnessed the balling together of these small insects in the imago stage on the surface of the water and the rapidity with which they disentangle themselves to form a massed group elsewhere on the surface and the scooping of the feeding trout as they race with nose up.

i) The larvae of the midges are generally known as bloodworms and they live in mud tubes at the bottom of rivers and lakes - the tier may have seen these in an aquarium as they sway from side to side when protuding from the tubes. A tie for this stage is a hook of size 16 down to 12 with a head of sword herl, a body of red floss silk ribbed with gold lurex and a tail of red-dyed marabou feather. (Again note the confusion in terms - floss silk is called marabou silk and the dyed fluffy feather - white fluffy turkey which is a substitute for the original feather from the marabou the adjutant bird, a species of stork.)

The movement of the marabou feather below water is sinuous and if the fly is moved slightly the action of the bloodworm is imitated very well.

(ii) The pupae of the chironomid develop from the larvae. This stage is the "doll stage and as a metamorphosis takes place, the pupae migrate to the surface of the water. At the surface the outer skeleton is split and another metamorphosis takes place and the insects emerge as the adult.

The heads of the pupae have characteristic white breathing tubes and these are imitated in many ties - these are termed "buzzers". How confusing our jargon is!!! The imitations of the larvae and the pupae are often called "nymphs" - they are not - and the pupa dressing is often called the "Buzz" when the buzzer is the adult!!!!!

1. THE BOW-TIE BUZZER

The first attempt at a buzzer pattern is possibly the "Bow-tie" buzzer designed by Frank Sawyer of the Sawyer nymph fame.

(Many flies are tied with a palmer hackle and a thick shoulder hackle are referred to as "tied buzz" - whether this has any connection with the buzzer term we have not been able to ascertain.)

MARABOU FEATHER

MARABOU SILK (RED) RIBBED GOLD

Figure 10,43 The Blood Worm

SWORD HEAD

MARABOU SILK (RED) RIBBED GOLD

Figure 10,43 The Blood Worm

COPPER WIRE

HOOK 12

COPPER WIRE

HOOK 12

WIND BODY OF SILVER TINSEL

RED PHEASANT FIBRES

RIB WITH FIBRES

LEADER THROUGH EYE OF FLY

SLIP KNOT

WHITE NYLON WOOL

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Responses

  • glen
    How to tie a chironomid?
    8 years ago
  • seppo
    How to tie buzzer flies?
    8 years ago
  • Marcello
    How to tie knots for chironomids?
    7 years ago
  • miniya
    How to tie a blood worm choronimid fly?
    7 years ago
  • marja pokka
    How to tie a red chronomld?
    5 years ago
  • SAVINO
    How to tie some fancy midges?
    4 years ago

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