Floss Bodies

Floss is used to form smooth wound-on bodies (sometimes in conjunction with different-color wool or chenille thoraxes) for countless salt and freshwater fly patterns. Three main kinds of floss are available, each in a good range of colors.

Silk floss is the finest type, and is commonly supplied in two thicknesses: a thin-gauge floss, packaged on small reels, with up to four strands twisted together (the strands must be untwisted before use); and a thicker-gauge single-strand floss, supplied on larger reels. Thin silk floss is suitable for most kinds of flies, but larger flies and lures need the thicker gauge.

Rayon/nylon flosses are cheaper alternatives to silk but give good results nevertheless. Most suppliers only offer one thickness, which may be single-strand or multi-strand. The single-strand kind can, if required, be split into two or more thinner lengths with a dubbing needle.

Acetate floss, which is usually supplied in single-strand form, has a property all its own. When a body tied with acetate floss is dipped quickly into acetate solution, the outer layer of floss is partly dissolved and then dries to form a hard outer shell, making a more durable fly. The same property can be employed to imitate the hard wing casings of nymphs, and the "melting floss" technique gives scope for further experiments. Note, however, that a treated acetate floss body may shrink a little, so that any ribbing may need to be wound on after treatment.

The following photographs show how to tie in, wind on, and tie off a floss body for a larva or midge pupa. With floss bodies for normal flies the technique is similar, but the floss should be tied in using the chenille method. (For bi-color floss bodies, the surplus for the first color should reach only halfway along the shank.)

  • To prevent the first turn of floss working itself further round the bend when wound on, either lacquer the foundation thread lightly or twist the floss strands a little (close to the hook); then wind on the first turn.
  • Untwist the floss (if necessary) and wind on toward the eye, making sure that the floss stays free of twists.
  • Tie off the floss at the hackle position. (S) Then trim off the surplus close to the securing turns of thread.
  • Prepare the hook shank by winding close turns of foundation thread right round the bend of the hook. (S)
  • Cut a 4-inch (100mm) length of floss (if using multi-strand floss, untwist it first).
  • Hold the floss about 3A inch (20 mm) from one end with the left hand, then place the floss directly in front of the tying thread, well round the bend.
  • Hold the floss in position (well to the left, as shown) by trapping it between the left-hand middle finger and the far side of the shank.
  • Tie in the floss and continue winding close turns of thread to the eye. (S)

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  • samuli hyyppä
    How to tie acetate floss flies?
    9 years ago
    How to tie smooth silk body flytying?
    11 months ago

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