Fly Fishing Mastery
101 Flyfishing Tips For Beginners
101 Ways A New Report Can Make You A Better FlyFisher... Right And Wrong Flyfishing Methods - And Little Pointers That Will Bring That Fish Home. How bad do you want to make your buddies look on your next fly fishing trip? Even if your cast is a little awkward at the moment and less than effective, when you add 101 expert fly fishing tips, tricks, and techniques to your game...
(Many fly fishers dye fly lines either browns or dark colours as they reason that fish are alarmed by light coloured lines. Others dye tips of fly lines with fluorescent dyes to increase visibility. Our task is with fly tying materials and we wish to avoid such argument).
Helios rods need to be cast to be truly appreciated. When I picked up the 9 weight, I was skeptical. How could a rod this light cast a 9 weight line without breaking into a million pieces. Suprisingly, the rod cast a great loop and didn't feel fragile. Orvis has made a lot of good rods over the years, but the Helios is truly a great fly fishing tool. www.Orvis.com helios
They hit hard and fight harder. The Sage Bass Rods are a wonderful addition to any bass fisherman's arsenal. These are also tournament legal rods for the major bass fishing tours, time to get out there and show those gear fishermen that we can hang. This year also marks the introduction of the new ZXL series (which replaced the SLT). The ZXL is an incredibly light medium fast action rod for those of us with a more relaxed casting stroke. Sage has proved once again why they are one of the best known names in fly fishing. www.Sage-flyfishingoutfitters.com
FFL What is the effectiveness of nymphs even in a place like Missoula that has such great dry fly fishing Jim Even though we have what I consider to be the best dry fly fishing in the US. I like the 3 dimensional aspect of nymphs and streamers. I like the unseen, imagining what is going on under the surface. With dry fly fishing it's a level plane. I know I'm going to get the cast to the fish, I know I'll get the right drift and I know that the fish will eat it. So for me, I like the subtleties of going subsurface. A trout's diet is 80 nymphs. So in order to be as effective as you can be as a fisherman, you need to master nymphs and streamers. Dry flies are enjoyable and visual and fun when you can fish them, but there's so much more than floating bugs. Being well versed in subsurface techniques makes you a well rounded fisherman. Matt Anybody can catch fish when their eating dries. To be a well rounded fisherman you have to be able to modify your tactics when the fish are busting...
In 1973 on the first trip by The Southern Fly Fishers to Kurow, NZ, Terry Connell, one of the best fly fishers and fly tiers in the business and member from Tasmania, picked up this fly in the garage (which also dealt in fishing gear and flies). Terry predicted, very accurately that this should prove a good one. In fact it became the main fly of that first group - and the cool room was packed with fish which fell to it. (The second expedition used a small Black and Peacock.) Pursuit of Fly tying G.E.P. Rowney
About the evolu tion of silicone as a fly-tying material. Silicone was very useful in many of my patterns over the years, but one stands out in my memory of favorites the Weedless Bendback Siliclone. This fly evolved outside the saltwater arena instead, it came to be while fishing for northern pike at Hatchet Lake in Sascatchewan, Canada. This is the land of huge northerns and some pretty challenging fly-fishing the fish are aggressive, fast and love to hang in places that test an angler's presentation techniques. Lurking among the weeds and stick-ups, pike taunt anglers by pushing water, splashing their tails or nailing large critters from the surface. Getting a fly into their environment is little challenge getting it back is the tricky part. What a difference No longer did 1 have to wear layered clothing under the waders to keep warm. In fact, I could actually wear less. Through the miracle of physics, the sweat from my body found its way out into the water through the waders'...
The original tie of the Craig's Night-time calls for an over-wing of dark blue breast feathers from the pukeko (NZ) or the swamp hen. (An Australian name is the pookak) This bird is protected on the mainland in Australia - not in Tasmania, nor in New Zealand. The fly tier will have to seek substitutes and we suggest grey partridge feathers dyed dark blue or bantam breast similarly dyed. The principle feature of the feather is the tapered, stream-lined effect it assumes when wet, and possibly the colour is secondary especially when it is a night-time fly. This concept of it being only good in night-time is upset when one thinks of its success in the Loddon River in the daylight. Its first cousin the Taihape Tickler was at one stage observed by the first Junior Champion of The Southern Fly Fishers, one Bob Cook, as being akin to magic in extracting large trout from the Eildon Pondage in full sun.
Tarpon is more a work of art than a fishing video. Saltwater fly-fishers everywhere will enjoy it. Six individuals will be inducted into the Fly Fishing Hall of Fame on October 18. Ed Van Put, Francis Betters, Art Neuman, George Griffith, Dave Whitlock and Ed Zern will join 54 of the biggest names in the sport already inducted, including Fly Fishing in Salt Waters contributors Lefty Kreh and Lou Tabory. The ceremony and reception will be held at the Catskill Fly Fishing Museum in Livingston Manor, New York, at 3 p.m. Everyone is welcome. Visit www .cffcm.net for more information. The Angling Company, a new, 2,100-square-foot Hy shop in Key West, Florida, is scheduled to open its doors rhis November. Owner Nathaniel C. Linville, who has lived in rhe area tor three years, says the shop will cater ro rhe fly-fishing public and the local guide community. While the shop will be open for business in November, The Angling Company's grand opening is scheduled for January 6. Swing by for great...
Phil Buttress, one of the best large fish catchers in Victoria dispenses with all the trimmings and his tie - we should call it Buttress's Night-time, is dressed with a tapered wool body and a wing over the body. By the number of times he has retained the Southern Fly Fishers Ossie Griffiths' Memorial Trophy for the heaviest trout each year, fishers should be assured that this pattern of the Craig's is as effective or even more effective than the original. But the secret here could lie in the fisher, not the fly.
Integrated rod racks with fly-rod tubes are standard and will make the fly-fisher happy. Also standard is a 30-gallon release Iivevvell system. Northeast Saltwater Flyfishing Phone 203-856-8836 www.saltwater-flyfishing-guide.com Best Fly Tying Selection In SW Florida FLYFISHING FOR TARPON 21 years of flyfishing experience www.homosossoflshlng.com PHONE 352-422-1927 coprmlke homosossoftshlng.com Fly Fishing Light Tackle Saltwater fly fish the secluded Fly Fish the flats of the Florida Bay Fly Fishing Lt Tackle
Instead of using the hackle stalk, a piece of nylon monofilament can be used to form the loop. This of course can be tied in to form the parachute hackle either above the shank or below it. Whenever the fly dresser adjusts his vice and settles for a fly tying session, there is always the possibility that something new will emerge. Such a turn of genius is evident with the flies which are Upside-down . (USD) as described by Clarke and Goddard. Here the hook is placed in the vice in the usual fashion. The tail and the body material are tied in - the body is not wound at this stage. A loop of monofilament is made at the shoulder and a hackle tied in as in Figure 10.34. (A stripped hackle loop could be used.)
There are many ties for these two important insects. Bert Webb's and Dick Clark's ties for the cricket have been discussed above, but we include the Letort Cricket here together with the Letort Grasshopper for convenience. The grasshopper, when the late summer reaches a peak, forms the basis for possibly the best of fishing for the year. Those amongst you who have not approached the summer stream through the long yellow grass and kicked the hoppers in to the water to watch them disappear in a flurry as the snatch rise occurs just near the edge have missed a lot. The author still remembers the summer day at Yea on the Goulburn. Down went the hopper swirling and twisting. Up came a neb just where expected downstream just inches from the bank. A pussyfoot fly fisher left the bank well clear to position himself below that rise, the splat of the hopper did not disturb that particular fish but as the small fly drifted down, twitched by the fisher, from the depths materialized the largest...
McCausland's classic book Fly-Fishing in Australia and New Zealand is a delightful Chapter by the late J.M.Gillies on the development of the Great Lake Beetle. Here is described the dyeing of the orange wing and the trials with a wool body which sank and the final solution of a close palmered black cock hackle body which was clipped to shape. The story takes a few minutes in the telling but the development of the fly took two years
The technique outlined above applies in general to wings tied from quill feathers such as the duck family, swan, crow and even the domestic pigeon. Wet fly wings are also tied from contour feathers such as the black and white feathers from the mountain duck - the fly tying dealer will show you 'teal' a similar feather but with clearer marking from England and the flank feathers from the mallard - these are also available from the tackle dealers. Southern Fly Fisher members Mike and Mike Williamson Jnr. combine the two and use a claret seals' fur body with 'teal' wet wing with great success in the Goulburn. In fact, Mike Snr. says he needs no other fly The turkey brown wing and the black crow wing for Muddlers is constructed out of a single wing strip. The author is indebted to Terry Connell the Southern Fly Fishers member from Tasmania who 'discovered' the Quill-body Cochybondhu in New Zealand. This method might not find favour with the judges of fly tying competitions, but the wing...
Although it is possible to buy any number of effective fly patterns, the ability to tie flies adds another dimension to an already absorbing pastime. It has a practical side, too, making sure that the fly box remains plentifully supplied at all times. Most importantly, though, it gives the fly-fisher the opportunity to take part in the development of fly-fishing itself. Many of the best fly patterns in use today were created by practical anglers who had an idea to create a fly that would be more effective than any pattern they already knew. Patterns like the Muddler Minnow, the Adams, and the Royal Wulff are now all part of established fly-fishing lore, but at one time they were new and revolutionary, created by anglers with a specific problem to solve. With the ability to tie flies, and with it the understanding of what goes into making a fly successful, any angler has the opportunity to take his place in fly-fishing's continuing development. Catching fish on artificial flies has a...
BossTin uses non-toxic materials to make some of the most innovative new It weights for use in the fly fishing industry. These weights are heavy and have similar characteristics to lead without the pollution. Moreover, they are shaped and colored to imitate small rocks and twigs that are naturally swept downstream. If you truly care about the environment and your impact on it, you need to be using a non-toxi weight www.bosstin.com flyfishing.html
Messrs Doug Swisher and Carl Richards have written what the author of this Manual regards as one of the most important books in the fly fishing literature, and should be regarded as essential reading for all fly fishers. No other book is as clear and as fault-preventing on the subject of casting. The author tried self tuition from the old tomes - some readers will remember - Hold a book under the castling elbow - tight now against the body Oh dear Despite attempting to follow Charles Ritz with his High Speed High Line casting technique with his diagrams of an upcast tangential to a circle, and his backcast on the circumference of a circle, only after reading this volume, Fly Fishing Strategy Crown Publishers, Inc., New York has over twenty years of misconception and poor casting been cleared and the light dawned The secret is straight-line movement of the arm.
Our streams are not Los Angeles freeways. For many, fly fishing is a way to escape the cities' crowds. For years fly fishing has been a peaceful sport. But lately the many anglers seeking solitude have taken out their frustration by being combative fishermen. We must put a stop to this rude behavior trend. One of the reasons that I have enjoyed fly fishing for so many years is that my fellow anglers have been so respectful of others. I have made many friends while fishing a stream. Fly fishermen have been the elite sportsmen. They care for the environment by practicing conservation and they have been helpful and courteous to others. Let us return to the days when the fly fisherman was the elite sportsman. Always be respectful of others. Ask before fishing or getting close to another angler. Be friendly and inquire about his success. He may be a helpful source of current information. I'm a prolific fly tier and I commonly give my successful flies away. When I later see the angler he is...
Here again, as in all fly fishing situations, use common sense. In some regions of the country alligators and cottonmouth snakes may pose a threat to anglers. On salt water, a shark may even be attracted to the seallike movements of an angler in a float tube. Exercise caution with float tubes and pontoon boats wherever you are.
Twenty years ago when I began flyfishing from a kayak off the coasts of Southern California and Baja, it was a bit like being the Lone Ranger. One rarely saw personal watercraft of any kind. The first angler I knew and one of only a handful who used a float tube was the late Harry Kime. On occasion, Harry would fly-fish from a truck inner tube off Baja. I tried this in the '70s off a section of Southern California known as Rocky Point. Even then, the coastline was crowded with expensive homes, and the only access to these prolific waters involved a mountain-goat trek down slippery cliffs from the Palos Verdes peninsula. boats are no longer novelties they have become popular among fly-fishers all over the U.S. But regardless of the type of craft you opt for, they all sit very low on the water and this can pose some casting challenges. When standing, the lower body assumes particular importance in making long-distance casts. Fly-fishers who often wade come to appreciate this fact every...
Leeches are used best for catching large trout while flyfishing. These parasites live on reptiles, snails or cold-blooded fish some live off plants and dead animals. They don't have eyes but have a high sense of smell and touch. Their highly developed muscular system and multi-segmented body allows them to change their body form from short and fat to thin and elongated. Both ends of the leech have strong suction cups to hold on to the host or bottom structures. They can reach anywhere from 1 - 6 in length. Leeches have a wide range of color, anywhere from light cr me to black, brown, gray, or olive, with lateral stripes. They may have mottled spots or markings.
There has been an attempt in the previous Chapters to illustrate the majority of the principles involved in fly tying, but it would be foolish to claim that all have been covered in such a brief outline. There are still many tricks to be discovered and techniques to be polished with practice. Evaluate your tying. Take out some of your first flies and have a critical look at them. Give the head a twist - does it move Is the fly in proportion Is the hackle strong enough to float the dry, or is the hackle soft enough and streamlined enough to give good entry if a wet Will the fly you have tied catch a fish This is probably the most important item in your evaluation - if the fly appeals to the fly fisher, then so much the better, but there is only one expert judge of your fly - the trout who will inspect it either above water as it drifts into his view or beneath the water as it drifts, wriggles or swims by. There is possibly no greater feeling of achievement than to be able to say Gottim...
A member of the Southern Fly Fishers, Clive Boote, after extensive experience in New Zealand designed a very effective sedge pattern, the Boote Sedge. This is tied on a size 12 Mustad 94840 with a brown tying silk which has been waxed. Rib is fine gold wire and the wings tied from a doubled strip of oak turkey which has been evenly coated with clear nail varnish. The body is spun dark fawn seals fur or rabbit and the hackle red cock. See Figure 10.38 A single partridge body feather or a similar feather lacquered with nail polish or coated with silicon-seal can be used tied in flat. Study the forms in the stages in the life cycle of the insect, use the collecting net for the under-water caddis (See Chapter 6) and visit the stream at dusk when the hatches often occur - then to work with your imagination and the fly tying tricks you have learned.
Fly fishing the salt can be a real battleground - big, tough fish - and even bigger, tougher conditions. Fly Fishing in Salt Waters (ISSN 1085-5769, USPS 0013-479) is published bimonthly January February, March April, May June, July August, September October and November December by Bonnier Corporation, PO Box 8500, 460 N. Orlando Ave., Ste. 200, Winter Park, FL 32789-3195. No part of this periodical may be reproduced without the express written permission of FFSW magazine. Periodicals postage paid at Winter Park, Florida, and at additional mailing offices. Occasionally, we make portions of our subscriber list available to carefully screened companies that offer products and services we think may be of interest to you. If you do not want to receive these offers, please advise us at 1-877-566-5833. POSTMASTER Send address changes to Fly Fishing in Salt Waters Subscription Services Dept., PO Box 420235, Palm Coast, FL 32142-0235. Subscriptions In the U.S., 19.97 per year (six issues)....
The golden pheasant crest feather used in the Grey Squirrel is a thing of beauty but requires some special treatment before it is used in fly tying. Large crest feathers are used to form a halo over the complex wing of a salmon fly while the smaller feathers are used as tails for other flies. Greenwell's Glory is possibly the best known fly ever tied. Invented by James Wright in 1854 or before at the the request of Canon Greenwell who collected the natural fly. The Canon was the most blessed of all fly fishers - besides leaving his name in the annals of fly fishing he lived to the age of ninety-seven and fished until the last. (A schoolmaster named Brown called the fly Greenwell's Glory. ) It is interesting to note that we should refer to the fly by its full title. A salmon fly answers to the name Greenwell.
If you study some of the English literature on fly fishing you will find reference to smutting fish - where the trout are on the rise but to small 'midges'. The author remembers reading - Try a Wickham's Fancy - it it doesn't work go home. The stages of the chironomid are shown in Figure 10.42, and the fly tier will recognize that they are in the same order, (Dipterals the house fly. These are the two-winged insects. One of Victoria's outstanding fishers, Australian Casting Champion, member of the Australian Fly Fishing team in the World Championships, Southern member John Rumpf has devoted a great deal of his time to a study of these insects and their importance to the fly fisher. John ties exquisite flies and many*a chironomid scooping trout has fallen victim to them. After a recent visit to Eucumbene, member of the Southern, Jack Purchase, rang with
A small amount of Silicon-Seal can be placed on the feather fibres and the feather held in the first skin fold of the forefinger until the material hardens a little. We suggest that several pairs should be made at the beginning of a fly tying session. These create a single-minded rise of great magnitude from the smallest to the largest of the fish whose presence was never suspected by the fly fisher. A peculiar madness overtakes the fish and this is transmitted to the angler who changes flies with trembling fingers and a lexicon of words of strange origin as the light fades flies which can be effective on In actual experiments conducted by the Southern Fly Fishers some years ago we found that a quill wing fly with 'normal' hackle took longer to reach the floor than did a parachute hackled fly of the same size when released from the same height in still air.
Developed by top American fly fisher Jim Teeny, the Teeny Nymph is a simple but deadly pattern. It is tied in a wide range of sizes and colors and is effective for most species of game fish. The body material is comprised of cock pheasant tail fibers, either plain brown or dyed a range of colors, such as black, purple, pink, orange, and olive. The Teeny Nymph is quick and easy to tie so is a great pattern for fishing rocky ground where flies are all too readily snagged and lost. Without fearing the loss of an expensive fly, the angler can confidently work even the toughest fish-holding areas, where the bigger fish lie.
A pond built in a freestone creek can provide good fishing, yet they are vulnerable to high run offs which can wash out dams, draining the pond. This makes freestone creek ponds more likely to vanish whereas spring creek ponds are prone to be there for several seasons. The spring creek's advantages of ideal temperatures, stable flows, rich aquatic life, and optimal pH make them the best fishing ponds. Whenever exploring a remote canyon in beaver country, keep an eye out for hidden ponds. I once found several while archery hunting a remote drainage in Utah's Uinta Mountains. A series of about a dozen ponds provided brook trout weighing up to four pounds and cutthroats to three pounds. The fishing was so fantastic that for several years it was the best place I knew to take a beginning flyfisherman. Their first cast would be intercepted by trout swarming the fly from all directions. This fishery lasted for six or seven years yet was eventually abandoned by the beavers and soon...
The Southern Fly Fishers' Fly Tying School and this Manual set out to describe the basic principles of fly tying rather than detailing theories of particular flies. However the end product is the fish-catching fly and here are a few ties which have found favour at least with the Australian fly fisher. This is one of the most successful flies in the book. Originated by member John Lanchester, the tie was described for the Fly Fisher in May, 1972 by Mick Hall. Mick gave the dressing as A Tom Jones tied on a No. 10 was fished by Southern Fly Fisher David Barry when he was a junior aged 15 and he captured a 101b brown from the Kiewa (1974). When we first saw this fly at Tawonga we doubled up with laughter and sneered at the imagination of the tier of such a monstrosity. It took no seconds flat to straighten us up, undo the sneer and go searching for the object which had inspired this most effective night and even daytime fly. The closest we could come was the large moth which brushed our...
The man who has done so much for the advancement of salt-water fly fishing in Australia is Jock Gray who has tied thousands of salt water flies - and has given most of them away in his endeavors to interest Australians in this fascinating side to our sport. In the interests of space in this volume we have to limit our section to the description of two flies, both of which have taken salt water fish. One member, Rob Herman who has retired to explore the Eastern Coast of Australia in a yacht reports great success with the fly in the salt. He reports at least forty species of fish have fallen to the fly. 2. The Viking. This fly was designed by the late Brian Pattinson, a member of the Southern Fly Fishers.
(Coutta pattern - the trout fisherman is a simplistic fellow be he bait-spinner-or fly-fisher and the Latin of Linnaeus in the naming of fish and insect is of little importance. Of course this is a great pity as the scientific name pins down the creature or the plant and there is little room for mixing the name of one organism with another, although even among the scientific folk there are still quarrels concerning various species. Fishers may remember the great list of trout sub-species which existed not so long ago. These days it is so simple with two species of trout - Salmo trutta the European brown trout and S. gairdnerii the Califorian rainbow trout. The scientific folk are a lazy lot - the S. indicates that they have already
One of the most experienced fishers in The Southern Fly Fishers, John Harrison prizes what most fly tiers discard without thought - a third rate cock cape. John used the lacklustre weak hackles on certain of his flies. The original ties of Stewart who fished the wet fly upstream were basically like John Harrison's thoughtful method of producing movement. Stewart's book Practical Angler 1857 is one of the most important works in the history of fly fishing. His flies were hackled and very similar to the Partridge group of flies described in Chapter 3.
Mudeyes are the subaquatic stage of the dragonfly and are possibly the best trout bait in our Australian streams. If it were possible to tie a fly to imitate a mudeye, thousands of anglers would seriously contemplate changing to fly fishing. Up to the present, however, no successful way has ever been evolved to impregnate an artificial fly or lure with the odour that is expelled by the jet-propelled mudeye. in the number of fly fishers on our Victorian streams - an increase possibly quite unrelated to mudeye tying.
McGarr of New Mexico wrote to the Southern Fly Fishers at the suggestion of a member in Scotland, Ron Bailey and brought to attention a series of flies used in that country called the fore-and-aft family. A glimpse of the caddis nymph described on page 70, and a release into a bucket of water of some nymphs caught in the net described on page 72 will soon convince the fisher that items missing in the flies he generally fishes are the movement and the motility of these underwater creatures he attempts to imitate. Little black nymphs dredged from the Kiewa River move rapidly by seemingly flexing the body rapidly. The fly fisher will look sadly at his box of flies and wonder just how it is that he can fool the trout with those inert but good copies.
Whereas the tools are the hardware of the fly-tying craft, the materials are what actually create the fly. You will find them in a mind-boggling range of colors and forms, from natural materials, such as hair, feather, and wool, to synthetics, including nylon, polypropylene, and Antron, to name but a few. As modern fly-tyers become more inventive, the list continues to grow. In fact, it is now so large and comprehensive that it would be impossible to list everything available without dedicating a whole book to the subject. For this reason, only a few of the most popular and widely used products are listed here. Even these are enough to tie hundreds of effective flies and, from this starting point, you can build up your stock, over time, to encompass all the patterns that you intend to tie. The feathers from the neck and back of domestic poultry provide an important source of fly-tying materials. Known as hackles, they are used to suggest the legs of an insect or simply to add color...
If fishing is your passion, we recommend the salmon-rich rivers of Lapland and the Archipelago, teeming with sea trout and pike. For fly-fishing, Lapland is the obvious choice, but Central Finland also has some very exciting trout rapids. Guides are available at most sites to help you become familiar with the surroundings then it's off to catch the big one. All sites presented in this brochure are suitable for experienced fishers, and with guidance they are also enjoyable for beginners. Pick your own favourite from our top eleven
Stores and libraries are filled with dozens of fishing books. Most of them focus on one particular species, aspect, or approach, such as flyfishing, bass fishing, or surf fishing. But the following ten volumes will form an excellent base for your own fishing-book collection Black's Fly Fishing Black's Sporting Directories JFB Inc. An annually updated guide to flyfishing tackle manufacturers, instructors, guides, and destinations. Smallmouth Strategies for the Fly Rod by Will Ryan Lyons & Burford 1996. A well-written, complete guide to flyfishing for smallmouth bass in all types of habitat throughout the year.
Ultimate Sport Flyfishing the Salt It may seem unrealistic or even inconceivable to use a tool as wispy and as delicate as a fly rod to catch fish that normally are fished for with huge baits, thick monofilament line, and rods that have barely more action than a broomstick. But new technology has enabled manufacturers to produce lightweight, manageable fly rods that can cast heavy fly line and help tame fish that weigh more than 100 pounds. Reels have been developed that can hold hundreds of yards of line, with superb drag systems that can withstand long, scorching runsalso of a weight that won't tire you out after a few casts. Not that saltwater flyfishing is easy. Actually, forms of it, including those for species that don't grow much larger than 10 or 15 pounds, are among the most challenging fishing to be found anywhere some anglers consider it the pinnacle of the entire sport of fishing. And it is increasing in popularity every year. Here's why.
The reason we don't hear of fished-out trout streams by unscrupulous nymph fishermen is because the technique is difficultprobably the most difficult flyfishing technique of all in fresh water. Fishing a nymph is very much like fishing a dry fly underwater The nymph must be drifted through likely flows, as close to the bottom as possible, and without any drag. The angler must constantly mend line to prevent drag, turning the rod and his body to follow the nymph downstream. At the end of the drift, after it swings in the current, the nymph must be picked up and cast again, unlike wet flies, which can be retrieved all the way back to the rod. But the nymph fisherman doesn't have the sight advantage of the dry-fly fisherman he must look for a slight twitch of the fly line or just a pause in its downstream drift. Many nymph fishermen strike every time they see the line twitch or pause during its drift sometimes it's caused by a fish taking the nymph, but usually it's the result of the...
This book offers a no-nonsense introduction to fishing. It helps you understand fishing theory and application, and the difference between the two. You'll learn how to find the species of fish you want to catch, select the right fishing equipment, and properly handle and clean your catch. And you'll learn the essentials for fishing in safety and comfort in various environments and weather conditions. If you want to try more challenging types of fishing, like flyfishing or fishing for big saltwater gamefish, you can read the later chapters for a look at how to get started.
Dolphin, trolled up by offshore boats as explained in the previous chapter, can be teased to the boat in the same manner as sailfish. (Not all offshore charter captains are familiar with the technique, however.) When I fished on the Ocean Fancy out of Marathon, Florida, a couple of years ago, Captain Eric Johansen had his mate tease in a couple of big dolphin that were seeking cover under a small mat of weed well offshore. The mate cast out a bait close to the weeds and began reeling it in immediately. One of the dolphin followed, and I cast a big popper to the fish as the mate pulled the bait out of the water. It took a few tries (which is one of the advantages of flyfishing for bluefish and dolphinyou can make a mistake but still catch a fish), but I finally hooked into a 14-pound fish that tasted superb at dinner that evening.
Most saltwater flyfishing can be divided into two categories that for small fish, or those that weigh less than 30 or 40 pounds, and that for larger fish. The popular smaller species frequent inland and inshore waters, while many of the larger fish are fished for in deep waters or offshore. The smaller species can be fished for with a variety of fly rod weights the 8 9-weight outfit is probably the best all-around size for most of them in most situations. A 12-weight rod will handle most of the bigger fish. However, all of the species encountered when saltwater flyfishing are extremely powerful for their size. Long casts are frequently necessary to reach them, and they can burn a lot of line off your reel once hooked. When also considering the corrosive nature of the saltwater environment, it's obvious that specialized equipment is necessary long, beefy fly rods that can get fly line way out there and stand up to the surges of powerful fish fly lines that match these rods but can...
Most of the species that are targeted by saltwater flyfishermen are those that feed on the surface or within reasonable reach of a sinking linein other words, no fishing for groupers a couple hundred feet down. You cast to the fish while wading, when standing in a small boat, or from the deck of an offshore boat. Such wide parameters make it possible to flyfish for dozens and dozens of saltwater species (and it's done), but there are eight species that seem to get most of the attention Snook range throughout tropical U.S. waters and are found in great numbers in Florida and Texas. These long, thick, silvery brown fish are famous for their outstanding fighting ability, running, jumping, and diving powerfully. They generally relate to somewhat deep waterschannels and estuariesbut often are found near structure such as dock pilings and will enter shallow waters to feed. Most snook caught by flyfishermen weigh less than 10 pounds, but they can grow to 40 pounds and more.
Fishing is on the open sea or in bays in the archipelago. Fly-fishing, trolling or spinning can be used. The Aland Islands offer numerous opportunities to fish virtually throughout the year. Each season has its own appeal. Sports fishing enthusiasts from around the world have been coming to the rich fishing waters of Aland for decades. The best fishing waters are in the inner archipelago, in an area of some 10 km2. Water depth varies between 3-15 metres. Catches include large sea pike (the local 2004 record was 116 cm), pike-perch and perch. Fishing is mainly spinning and fly-fishing from a boat or the shore. The area also offers some quality winter fishing. Spinning fishing Rods 2,40m -2,70m, lure weight 10-40 gr. Line 0.15 mm. Most popular lures Abu Tormentor, Bomber, Kuusamo Professor, Zam, Salmo Slider. Flyfishing Salt water rods, class 8-9, length 9', floating, intermediate and sinking lines. Large streamers for pike.
Next to the perch, pike is the most common fish found in Finland's inland waters, on the shores of the Baltic Sea or in the Archipelago. The pike is undemanding concerning water quality. On the other hand, aquatic flora are essential for pike. The pike is a fairly local fish. It is also a predatory fish that eats fish 4-5 cm in length. Pike spawn in April-May immediately after the ice has melted. Pike are caught by professional as well as recreational fishermen with a wide range of fishing gear. When rod fishing, wobblers, flies or lures are generally used, although fly-fishing for pike is also popular. Most pike caught weigh 1-5 kg but specimens of over 10 kg can be found. The largest pike caught in Finnish waters is 17.6 kg. It is worth noting that all giant pike are females. The greatest chance to catch a big pike on a rod is during spring, in the months of April and May, and in autumn in the months of August and October. Please find additional information in fishing areas section.
With fly-fishing tackle, the casting weight is supplied by the line rather than the lme. Yoh must use a line heavy enough to overcome the wind resistance of the fly you select. But if the line is too heavy, it will hit the water too hard and spook fish. The following chart gives rod- and line-weight recommendations for the major types of fly fishing. The challenge in dry-fly fishing is not only to select the proper fly, but also to present it so it appears like a real insect on the water. A lifelike presentation is most difficult in moving water. A real insect drifts at the same rate as the current. But a fly attached to a line and leader will not drift naturally unless carefully manipulated. When the line prevents the fly from drifting at the same speed as the current, fish usually refuse to strike. This unnatural pull on the fly is called drag and is the most common problem in dry-fly fishing.
The following eleven flies will give you a basic education in fly tying, and will teach you techniques that can be used on thousands of patterns. Unlike many of the basic fly tying instructions you'll read, they include up-to-date flies that are popular today, like the Woolly Bugger and Parachute Hare's Ear dry and the Crazy Charlie bonefish fly. If you're just beginning, we suggest that you start with the first fly we've listed and tie the flies the order they appear. Tie at least six flies of a single pattern before moving on, so you'll develop the techniques you'll use on successive patterns. All good fly tiers work this way for efficiency, setting up for one pattern at a time. Your sixth fly will look a lot better than your first but they'll all
Some fishing areas in Finland do not have a close season at all. For example, there is no close season in Merikarvia river, Lohimaa and Kymijoki river. They, like some other faster waters in Central and Southern Finland remain open through the year, so it is possible to get some fishing in, for example flyfishing, even in winter time.
Nymph fishing is similar to dry-fly fishing, except that the angler works a general area rather than a specific fish. Cast nymphs up- and across-stream and mend line to keep the nymph drifting naturally underwater as close to the bottom as possible. As the nymph passes in front of you, mend more line and lift the rod. Wait until the nymph swings around in an arc as the line straightens downstream, then pick up the line and cast again. Drag can be the ruin of the dry-fly fisherman casting to a rising fish. A trout, for example, might be stationed in a current seam during a hatch, rising up to take an insect about once a minute. All these insects drift past the fish at the same rate of speed. So the angler wades down- and across-stream from the trout and casts so that his dry fly, which exactly matches the hatching insects in size and color, will float directly into that trout's lie. He casts perfectly, but just when his dry fly is about the enter the feeding area above the trout, his...
Spin fishing or fly-fishing on the river Tainionvirta and Kalkkisten-koski rapids. Fishing is usually from the banks, although boats may be used in places down river. Wading is easy in the river Tai-nionvirta and fish are easily caught. On lake Paijanne, fishing is usually from a boat or fishing boat. Whilst casting and trolling are the most common forms of fishing, fly-fishing also brings results. Fly-fishing tackle class 4-5, rod 89' and lightweight casting-based tackle are ideal for these sites. It's also worth bringing along a selection of trolling and casting-based tackle on lake Paijanne, depending on which species you wish to fish and how.
Bonefish, permit, redfish, sailfish, snook, spotted sea trout, striped bass, and tarpon are the most popular species targeted by saltwater anglers. Bluefish and dolphin, in their regions, are secondary flyfishing species. Putting together a decent saltwater flyfishing outfitrod, reel, linecosts about 300. Prices can go much higher, as the equipment must be top-notch to withstand the saltwater elements and the strength of the fish.
FLY-FISHING AROUND HELSINKI There is a wide range of fly-fishing waters not far from the Helsinki Metropolitan Area. Rivers are typical for the region and there are fewer lakes than on average in Finland. Rapids offer challenging fly-fishing in the lush landscapes of Southern Finland. The best known fishing locations include Karkkila, Vihavuodenkoski, Tainionvirta, Jaala and the River Vantaa. The rapids vary in length and are typically 10-15 meters wide. The main game fish species available are brown trout, grayling and rainbow trout but some other species are found locally. The rivers can be fished effectively with standard fly-fishing techniques. Due to the nature of the waters there is no need for long casts, 15 meters is more than enough in most of the places. Wading is relatively easy due to the abundant gravel bed in the majority of the locations but it is still reasonable to carry a wading staff. Light tackle (AFTM 3-5) is perfectly adequate and a floating line will be the...
Finland is a land of rivers and brooks, with its thousands of kilometres of fish-teeming streams both large and small. The most sought-after river-fishing catches are salmon, trout, grayling and whitefish. The more slowly running rivers are often also home to pike and perch. Fly-fishing and spinning from the shore are the most popular and most rewarding methods on the rivers, though harling from boats is also possible on the larger salmon-fishing rivers. The most notable salmon-fishing rivers in Finland are Tenojoki in Lapland, Tornionjoki and Simojoki in Northern Finland, and Kymijoki, which empties into the Gulf of Finland in Kotka. Other popular salmon-fishing sites are the delta areas of the Kemijoki and Oulujoki rivers. Fly-fishing is currently experiencing a renaissance in Finland. Rivers and rapids offer fly-fishers excellent fishing sites at some rapids, separate pools have even been set aside solely for fly-fishing. Salmon, brown trout and grayling are the most common catch...
However, the river is mainly fished by casting from the bank. Wading trousers are necessary to facilitate moving around. The main species fished are asp, pike, grayling and rainbow trout, depending on the season. Pike is a likely catch when the river is not frozen. Normal spinning tackle is required, rods are usually 8-10 feet (240-300 cm). Medium-sized spoons, wobblers and spinners work well. Fly-fishers can generally manage with class 6 tackle and floating line. Flies for grayling are the normal grayling flies such as Red Tag, Zulu, larvae, pupae and nymphs. When fly-fishing for asp,
Located in eastern Finland, Puru-vesi is part of Saimaa and has retained its pure crystal clear waters. The Ice Age left lake Puruvesi separated by gravel deposits, sandy beaches and Punkaharju, one of the best known ridge formations in Finland. Geographically, lake Puruvesi is in the centre of the Punkaharju-Kesalahti-Kerimaki triangle, the nearest airports being Savonlinna and Joensuu. Visibility has been measured to a depth of 11 metres and at its deepest the water is 60 metres. The lake is rugged, with many islands with either sheer rocks plunging into the depths or fine sandy beaches. The lake also features many gravel shoals much favoured by salmonid. Fly-fishers should aim to catch grayling, whitefish and trout. Fish sizes are grayling 3040 cm, whitefish 25-30 cm and trout 40 cm. This product combines lake and rapids fishing in some of the finest fly-fishing sites in Lakeland Finland. The product is full-board, starting with picking up the customer from the nearest airport. All...
The river and rapids are very diverse, thus in practice enabling all kinds of salmon fishing techniques. Fishing downstream is mostly traditional fly-fishing. The banks are gravel in many pools and are easily accessible. Wading gear is a must. There are also good spots in many places for salmon fly-fishing. Fishing is predominantly fly-fishing. The area lends itself to fishing from the bank. Single-handed rods should be class 6-8 and about 9 feet long, two-handed rods should be in class 8-10 and 12-14 feet long. Since long casting distances are not necessary, novices can also get a taste for fishing. In some places fly-fishing from a rowing boat works (harling). FLY-FISHING IN THE TANA AND INARIJOKI RIVERS Fishing is from the banks. The flyfishing package includes Fly-fishing permits and the services of a guide.
FLY-FISHING ON WILDERNESS RIVERS Use heavy or medium-heavy fishing tackle. Nine-foot rods or longer. When fly-fishing, traditional trout flies are various streamers, usually hair wing salmon flies, tied on an 4-8 hook. FLY-FISHING ON THREE RIVERS Duration 1 week Fishing day 8 hours a day Product Fishing on the Oulankajoki, Kitkajoki and Kuusinkijoki rivers under the guidance of a flyfishing guide from Rukapalvelu. Rivers and possible night fishing as the customer fancies are chosen depending on local conditions. Distances to rivers 25-45 km from accommodation, car transfer. Fishing permits. Meals Outdoor meals around a fire, campfire coffee and tea during the fishing day. Dinner at place of accommodation.
There are some faster waters in Central and Southern Finland which remain open through the winter. So it is even possible to get some fishing in winter time If fly-fishing is your passion, then this is a must do. But we recommend that you take warm clothing with you as the weather and river water can be very cold.
The rapids mentioned here appeared in a British travel brochure as a fly-fisher's paradise over a century ago. Despite being in the wilds, the popular waters and rapids of the region are easily accessible. This important fishing region is dissected by rivers, rapids and lakes. The rapids feature stretches for surface fly-fishing, headwaters, rocky rapids, superb edges along the main flow, submerged weirs, stone reefs and the huge Patola smooth waters. The rapids are rich in fish and are among the rapids requiring a permit where a catch is virtually guaranteed. Ayskoski can be fished from both banks and wading is quite easy up to the edges of the main flow. During periods of high water, caution should be taken when wading, especially in the headwaters and at the edges of the main flow. Insect life around the rapids is a vigorous. There are plenty of caddis flies and at times mayflies. Stoneflies are found near the rapids in April. Apart from flies, the bigger fish also eat bleak,...
Fly-fishing on the eco-rapids tour The Eco-Rapids are the only fishing locations in Finland reserved for fly-fishers where the minimum size for trout is 60 cm and 45 cm for grayling. Ecological fish management also entails regulating the number of people fishing. The rapids are tranquil since only one group at a time is allowed to fish there. Quotas and regulated fishing mean you have a good chance of catching over 60-cm trout and large grayling. Besides the ecological rapids, you can change fishing locations daily. There are stocked fish in ordinary locations. The package includes an opportunity to fish on several rivers that are a 10-25 minute drive away. An additional option is fly-fishing for pike on rivers and lakes in the area.
Popular for dry-fly fishing, where long casts are seldom desirable. For eyen more distance, use a shooting taper (ST) line. The fly line is spliced to a rear section, usually monofilament, called the shooting line. An experienced fly fisherman can easily cast a shooting taper over 100 feet.
Presenting a wet fly requires less finesse than other types of fly fishing. You can angle your casts upstream and mend the line if necessary for a drag-free drift, as you would when fishing a dry fly. You can also retrieve the fly across or upstream. Or, you can allow it to swing into downstream pockets on a tight line, directing the fly by pointing your rod at the spot to be fished and letting the current catch your line.
A chugger could be described as an overgrown fly-rod popper. Like poppers used for fly-fishing, chuggers have a scooped-out, grooved or flattened face that makes a popping or chugging sound when the lure is twitched. Fishing small pockets is more difficult with a chug-ger than with a fly-rod popper. With fly-fishing tackle, you can place the lure more accurately and lift it off the water without catching weeds. To make a chugger more weedless, trim the front point of each treble (page 53).
Pike and perch sites are scattered throughout Finland, both on the sea and in inland waters. Pike-perch is indigenous to Southern Finland, so the best sites are found in Hame and along the southern coast. Major lakes throughout Finland with large vendace population support plenty of brown trout for lure fishers, and lakes also offer a chance to fly-fish pike.
The Light Cahill is a classic Catskill dry fly, one of the most popular dries to use when cream-colored mayflies are hatching. It is slightly more complicated than the Blue-Wing Olive, in that it features upright wings of wood duck flank feathers. Handling these feathers is one of the toughest accomplishments in dry fly tying, but a lot of patterns call for this kind of wing. A lot of problems with wood duck wings stem from material preparation and selection, so pay close attention to steps 2 and 3, to a size 12 dry fly hook.
FLY-FISHING WEEK IN THE OULU REGION There are many types of fishing waters for serious fly-fishing in the Oulu area. Just 80 kilometres from Oulu, the river Simojoki is nowadays a major salmon river. The river also has a good stock of natural grayling. Its size makes the Simojoki ideal for fly-fishing. There are many different types of rapids ideal for wading. Rapids width varies from some 20-80 metres. Water quality is good and slightly brownish. FLY-FISHING WEEK Price Fly-fishing week 1400 per person. Fishing trip from 180 per person day. FLY-FISHING IN THE RIVER HOSSAJOKI FLY-FISHING WEEK IN HOSSA
Fell fishing is extremely diverse and there are opportunities to get in some quality fly-fishing, casting-based fishing and, on some lakes, even some trolling. An autumn speciality is torch fishing and in winter we fish through a hole in the ice. Class 3-5 fly equipment and floating line are ideal. It pays to make leaders longer than usual. Small spinners and wobblers are also among the most certain lures for spinning. Ultra small jigs also work.
The river Merikarvianjoki was the first migratory fish river in Finland whose estuary is protected by a voluntary net-fishing free zone extending five kilometres from the estuary to the open sea. All Finland's river spawning salmo-noids breed naturally in the river Merikarvianjoki. Sea trout, salmon and migratory whitefish can freely swim up the river to the 24-km long fishing waters. There are also plenty of grayling, river trout and stocked rainbow trout. The fish population is maintained through generous re-stocking, fishing regulations and restoration of the rapids area. The river Merikarvian-joki is an area of natural beauty and has many rapids. Varying in width between 15-50 metres, the river is excellent for fly fishing and spinning. Its water is brownish, but clear. The height drop in many rapids in the fishing waters totals some 30 metres. There are some 12 km of rapids that can be fished on both banks and extensive still waters. Average flow rate is some 15 m3 s. Since there...
Flies and poppers are small, very light, almost weightless lures used primarily for flyfishing. A spincast or spinning rod and reel outfitted with a bubble (clear bobber) placed four to five feet above the lure works well if you don't have a fly rod. These lures are excellent for sunfish and bass, but most any fish can be caught on these baits. Fishing Tips The simplest of tackle is all that is needed to catch these feisty, hand-sized fish. Preferred baits are worms, crickets, mealworms, small jigs, spinners, miniature insect crankbaits or flyfishing tackle (i.e. flies, poppers, worm imitations,etc.).
When it comes to spinners, anglers typically think of fly-fishing. However, trout fishing also uses spinners and by keeping the right spinners as a part of your equipment, you will be amazed at how much benefit you will enjoy. For instance, when choosing spinners, you will consider three primary things