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half of the U.S. (and some deep and therefore cool man-made waters throughout the South, where the smallmouth was stocked). There are a number of waters that hold both largemouth and smallmouth bass, but because largemouths prefer warmer water than the smallmouth, you usually won't find them inhabiting the same area.

For example, one day a friend and I went fishing at a large reservoir in the Northeast for largemouth bass. We were planning to hit the coves first thing in the morning, casting to weedbeds and to the numerous felled trees that littered the shoreline. We launched the boat and started motoring to one long, narrow cove not too far away. At the entrance to the cove, a rock bluff entered the water at a steep angle, and the depth obviously dropped off quickly. There were no weeds. It wasn't an ideal place to fish for largemouths, considering that this was mid-spring and the water was still quite cool. But in our anxiousness to begin fishing, we cut the motor and cast to the bluff. Bang! A fish grabbed my lure (a jig with a white plastic trailer; see Chapter 10 for more information about lures), and a few minutes later, I brought a 2-pound smallmouth to the net. I was pleased but also surprised, because I had no idea that the reservoir even contained smallmouths.

We cast a few more times to the bluff with no results. So we fired up the motor, turned into the cove, cut power, and dropped anchor. On my second or third cast to the downed trees, a 1-pound largemouth nailed my lurethe same jig that fooled the smallmouth.

Table 3.1 lists the preferred habitats and water temperatures of popular freshwater species.

Table 3.1 Fish Habitats and Temperature Zones

Species Preferred Habitat Preferred Temperature Zone (° F)

Brook Trout Streams, lakes, ponds 5256

Brown Trout Reservoirs, streams, lakes 6065

(table continued on next page)

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Fish Recipes

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