Knots for Use With Artificial Lures

How To Make Fishing Lures by Vlad Evanoff

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Yon can improve your success with artificials by learning the best knots for tying on lures, attaching leaders and splicing various types of lioes.

Many of the best knots have beeon shown in previous volumes of The Hunting and Fishing Library, so they will not be repeated here. Some of the strongest knots for tying on lures include the Trilene knot, also called the double clinch; the palomar knot; and the World's Fair knot. These knots all test from 90 to 95 percent of the line streogth.

But knots cinched directly to the eye are not the best choice for attaching all lures. With wobbling lures, for example, a knot tightened on the eye may restrict the side-to-side action. A loop knot, such as the Duncan loop, is a better choice in this situation. A knot cinched to the eye may cause a dry fly to become cocked on the leader, making it float unnaturally. A knot that will not allow the fly to swing, like a dry fly clinch, prevents this problem.

When you must use a wire leader, you can keep its visibility to a minimum by attaching the lure with a haywire twist or a twist-melt connection.

For splicing monofilament, most anglers prefer the blood knot. But a blood koot is not the best choice for joining lines and leaders of much different thicknesses or different materials. The triple srngeon's knot, Albright special, nail knot and super glue splice are better choices.

Duncan Knot

DUNCAN LOOP. (1) Pass the mono through the eye of the lure, then bend it back toward the eye to form a closed loop. (2) Holding the loop and standing line between your thumb and forefinger, wrap the end of the line around the standing line and through the loop four to six times. (3) Start to tighten the knot by holding the lure while pulling alteroately on the standing line and tag end. (4) Slide the knot to the desired position by pulling on the standing line. (5) Cinch the knot in place by pulling hard on the tag end with pliers; trim.

DUNCAN LOOP. (1) Pass the mono through the eye of the lure, then bend it back toward the eye to form a closed loop. (2) Holding the loop and standing line between your thumb and forefinger, wrap the end of the line around the standing line and through the loop four to six times. (3) Start to tighten the knot by holding the lure while pulling alteroately on the standing line and tag end. (4) Slide the knot to the desired position by pulling on the standing line. (5) Cinch the knot in place by pulling hard on the tag end with pliers; trim.

How {o Attach a Mono Leader {o Braided Dacron or Monofilament Line

TRIPLE SURGEON'S KNOT. Splice two lengths of monofilament by (1) laying the ends alongside eachother so they overlap about four inches. (2) Form a closedloop in the doubled portion of the line. (3) Pass the doubled portion that includes the free end through the loop to form an overhand knot. (4) Pass the doubled portion through the loop two more times. (5) Be sure to moisten the knot, then pull on a1l four lines to snug it up; trim.

How to Attach Monofilament to Wire orHeavier Mono

ALBRIGHT SPECIAL. (1) Double the end of a wire or heavy monofilament leader, then pass the standing line through the loop. (2) Hold the standing line against the wire or heavy mono, then wrap the free end around the standing line and leader. (3) Continue wrapping until you complete at least eight wraps, progressing toward the loop. (4) Pass the free end back through the loop. (5) Tighten the knot by altemately pulling on the free end, then on the standing line. (6) Break off the excess wire as you would with a haywire twist (page 14); trim mono.

How to Attach Fly Line to Leader or Backing

Needle Knot Fly Line Leader

NAIL KNOT. (1) Position a needle alongside the end of the f1y line and the butt of the leader. At least 6 inches of the leader butt should extend past the needle. (2) Begin wrapping the butt of the leader around the f1y line, needle and standing portion of the leader. (3) Continue wrap ping until you complete about five loops. (4) Insert the butt of the leader through the eye of the needle. (5) Holding the loops securely, carefully pull the needle through. (6) Pull on the butt and standing part of the leader to tighten the knot; trim f1y line and mono.

How to Make a Dropper

Dropper Loop

DROPPER LOOP. (1) Make a dropper for attaching an extra lure by first forming a 3-inch loop in the line. (2) Hold the doubled portion of the loop with both hands, then insert a toothpick between the lines. (3) Twist it about four times. (4) Remove the toothpick, then push the loop through the opening where the toothpick was. (5) Tighten the knot by pu1ling the line on both sides of it. (6) Cut one side of the dropper loop just below the knot to make a single-line dropper, or (7) attach a leader using a loop-to-loop connection.

How to Attach a Lure to Wire Line

Using Wire Leader

HAYWIRE TWIST. Attach your lure to a single-strand wire leader by (1) forming about three loose twists. Then, (2) make about five tight wraps. (3) Bend the free end into the shape of a handle. (4) Crank the handle severa1 times until the wne breaks off.

Nylon Coated Wire Leader

TWIST MELT Attach nylon-coated leader wire by (1) passing it through the eye, then wrapping it around the end of the standing portion five times. (2) Move a lighter back and forth below the twists until the nylon me1ts together. If you heat it too much, it becomes britt1e.

How to Snell On an Attractor

How to Snell On an Attractor

Snell Knot With Yarn

SNELL. Attach yarn or another attractor to your hook by (1) passing about 8 inches of line through the eye and making a loop above the shank. (2) Holding the hook and the loop with one hand, begin wrapping the leg of the loop nearest the eye around the hook, standing line and free end (arrow). (3) Make about five wraps, holding the tums in place with one hand while progressing toward the bend of the hook. (4) Tighten the knot by pulling first the standing line, then the free end; trim. (5) Open the loop; insert yarn. (6) Slide the snell back to the eye.

Other Knots and Connections

Knot Attach The Fly

DRY FLY CLINCH. Attach a fly by (1) passing the end of your leader through the eye, then wrapping it around the shank and back out the eye. (2) Wrap the end around the standing line five times. (3) Pass the end between the lines ahead of the fly. (4) Snug up the knot; trim.

SUPER GLUE SPLICE. Attach lead-core line to Tono-filament by (1) bending the line back and forth until aV2-inch piece of the lead breaks off. (2) Apply super glue to the mono. (3) Quick1y push the mono into the nylon shell from which the lead was removed.

Spinner - type Lures

The dual appeal of spinner-type lures accounts for their success in both clear and murky waters. In clear water, gamefish can spot the flash of the revolving blade from a distance. In murky water, they use their lateral line sense to pinpoint the vibration from the tinning blade.

Another reason for the success of these lures is the relative ease of using them. They will produce fish with a simple straight retrieve. And, when a fish strikes a spinner, it often hooks itself.

Spinner-type lures come in four basic designs. Standard spinners have a blade which rotates around a straight wire shaft. Most standard spinners havesome type of weight behind the blade to make the lure heavy enough to cast. Weight-forward spinners resemble standard spinners, but the weight is ahead of the blade. Spinnerbaits have a shaft similar to an open safety pin. They have a lead head on the lower arm and a spinner blade on the upper arm. Buzzbaits resemble either standard spinners or spinnerbaits, but have a specially designed propener rather than an ordinary spinner blade.

Used properly, spinner-type lures win catch almost any kind of freshwater gamefish. These lures will work at any time of year, but are especiany effective when extremely cold or warm water makes fish lethargic and reluctant to chase anything moving too fast. Most spinner blades win turn eyen at very slow retrieve speeds.

Different blades have different amounts of water resistance. A broad blade rotates at a greater angle to the shaft and thus has more resistance than a narrow one. A large blade has more resistance than a small one of the same shape.

The greater the resistance, the shallower the lure will run at a given speed. Generally, wide blades are best suited to slow retrieves and light current; narrow ones to fast retrieves and swift current.

Sensitive tackle will help you feel the beat of the spinner blade. If the beat stops, you may be retrieving too slowly, weeds may have fouled the lure, or afish may have struck it. When fishing a spinnerbait or buzzbait, use a stiff rod to drive the thick hooks into a fish's jaws.

When fishing spinner-type lures for panfish or trout, use 2- to 6-pound mono; for walleyes or smallmouths in open water, 6- to 10-pound mono; for bass in heavy cover, 12- to 25-pound mono; for casting musky bucktails, 30- to 50-pound braided dacron.

Crtlonidtt 50r Indiana, French 4i>' \

WBow LmI 25*

WBow LmI 25*

Willow Spinner Blade

POPULAR BLADES include: (1) Colorado; (2) Indiana; (3) French; (4) willow leaf; (5) fluted, which reflects light in all directions; (6) sonic blage, which spins at a high speed; (7) adjustable scissor-style blage; ang (8) buzz blade, which sputters when retrieved on the surface.

ANGLE OP ROTATION varies with different styles of blades. Colorado-style blades (above) tum at an angle to the shaft of approximately 50 degrees; Indiana ang French blades, about 40 degrees; ang willow leaf blades, about 25 degrees.

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  • archibald
    9 years ago
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