Jigs Jigging Lures

Many expert fishermen consider jigs and jigging lures the most consistently productive of all artificial lures. They work for a wide variety of species under a1most any conditions. A jig is simply a piece of lead with a hook molded into it. A dressing of hair, feathers, tinsel or soft plastic generany conceals the hook. Other types of jigging lures include the jigging spoon, a very thick metal spoon the vibrating blade, a thin metal minnow imitation and the tailspin, a lead-bodied lure with a...

Rods Reels

Spooling Line Reel

Whether or not you catch fish on an artificial lure often depends .as much on the equipment used to present it as on the 1ure itself. And none of your equipment is more important than your rod and ree1. Without the right rod, yon cou1d not cast far enough or accurate1y enough, and you would have difficu1ty feeling the 1ure's action and detecting strikes. Manufacturers generany rate their rods according to the weight of the 1ures they are capable of casting. Always check the specifications to...

Artificial Stonefly Crankbaits

Best Artificial Bluegill Bait

Most f1ies imitate some stage of an aquatic or tenes-trial insect. Because insects are an important food at some time in the lives of virtually all gamefish, it is easy to understand why t1ies are so effective. The majority of flies appeal to a fish's sense of sight, so they work best in relatively clear water. Some flies make popping or gurgling sounds, so fish can locate them even in murky water. Flies are divided into the following classes based on the type of organism they imitate Dry flies...

Chuggers

Ilivfishvt Striper Darter Fishing Lures

A chugger could be described as an overgrown fly-rod popper. Like poppers used for fly-fishing, chuggers have a scooped-out, grooved or flattened face that makes a popping or chugging sound when the lure is twitched. Generally considered largemouth bass lures, chug-gers will also catch smallmouth and spotted bass, as well as schooling stripers. They are not as effective as other surface lures for pike and muskies. Chuggers work better than most other surface lures for fishing precise targets....

Vibrating Plugs

Sail Shark Fishing Lures

The tight wiggle of a vibrating plug creates high-frequency sound waves that attract fish even in cool or murky water. Vibrating plugs work best for large-mouth, smallmouth and spotted bass northern pike wa11eyes white bass and stripers. Because most vibrating plugs sink rapidly, they are more versatile than crankbaits. Without changing lures, you can retrieve a1ong bottom in deep water, count down to suspended fish, or start retrieving immediately after the cast to catch fish near the surface....

Streamers

Artificial Fishing Lures

Streamers differ from most other types of flies in that they imitate baitfish rather than insects. Some streamers bear a remarkable similarity to real baitfish. Others bear much less resemblance to the rea1 thing. Instead, they attract gamefish with their bright colors and flash. Most streamers are tied on long-shank hooks to imitate the elongated shape of a baitfish. Some have monofilament weedguards for fisblng in weeds or brush. Streamers fall into these categories Hackle-wing - The wing,...

Propbaits

Spinner Propeller Lures

Propbaits are the most versati1e of a1l surface lures. You can fish sma1l spots thorougbly with a twitching retrieve or cover large areas by ree1ing rapid1y. And propbaits create more disturbance than most other surface lures, so they work wel1 even when wind ripples the surface. A slow, twitching retrieve genera11y works best for largemouth, sma11mouth and spotted bass a fast, steady retrieve for pike, muskies, stripers and white bass. A few propbaits have a weight in the rear, so they can be...

Nymphs

Made Artificial Bait

Most of the insects eaten by fish are immature forms. The immatures are present throughout the year, the adults for only brief periods, sometimes just a few hours. Because artificia1 nymphs imitate these immature forms, they catch fish at any time during the fishing season. Immature Insects and the Flies That Imitate Them Immature Insects and the Flies That Imitate Them MAYFLY NYMPHS usually have three tails. They have a single pair of wing pads and a soft, slender body. lmitations are usua11y...

Wet Flies

Types Wet Flies

Following a hatch, clouds of insects fall to the water and sink. Wet flies were designed centuries ago to imitate drowned insects, and they still work well for this purpose. Some wet flies have no wings and imitate crustaceans, or immature aquatic insects just prior to hatching. Patterns tied with tinsel and iridescent feathers resemble minnows. Other patterns do not imitate natural food, but attract fish because of their bright colors. The best wet flies are tied on relatively heavy hooks...

Jigging Lures

Lake Trout Lure

Jigging lures, unlike most jigs, have some type of built-in action. All jigging lmes can be fished with a jigging motion, and some also work well with a straight retrieve. Jigging lmes are divided into the following categories JIGGING SPOONS. These lmes resemble spoons used for casting or trolling, but are genera11y thicker and flatter. Most are made oflead, chromed brass or stainless steel. Because jigging spoons have treble hooks, they hang up more often than jigs. But they unsnag easily, so...

Loop Knot Fishing

Fishing Loop Knot

FILL a bait-casting reel with braided or monofilament line by threading your line through the guides, then letting the spool turn on carpet while reeling. Or, simply reel while the spool turns on a pencil. A bait-casting reel will not twist yom line in the loading process. FILL a bait-casting reel with braided or monofilament line by threading your line through the guides, then letting the spool turn on carpet while reeling. Or, simply reel while the spool turns on a pencil. A bait-casting reel...

Minnow Plugs

Balsa Plug

Minnow plugs have a shape and swimming action remarkably similar to those of shiners or other slim-bodied baitfish. Because minnow plugs rely mainly on their visua1 appeai to attract fish, they work best in relatively clear water. They do not produce as much sound as crankbaits or vibrating plugs, so they are less effective in waters of low clarity. Minnow plugs generally have smaller lips than crankbaits, so the head does not swing as far to the side when the plug swims. The tight rocking...

Knots for Use With Artificial Lures

Needle Knot Fly Line Leader

Yon can improve your success with artificials by learning the best knots for tying on lures, attaching leaders and splicing various types of lioes. Many of the best knots have beeon shown in previous volumes of The Hunting and Fishing Library, so they will not be repeated here. Some of the strongest knots for tying on lures include the Trilene knot, also called the double clinch the palomar knot and the World's Fair knot. These knots all test from 90 to 95 percent of the line streogth. But...

How To Tie Jig Using A Rabbit Strip

Best Artificial Bass Bait

The way a jig performs depends not only on its weight, but on its head design, the type of dressing , and the hook style. HEAD DESIGN. The head shape and position of the hook eye affect a jig's sink rate, action, and resistance to snagging or tangling in weeds. Follow ing are the most popular head designs Ball- This common, fast-sinking head works well in most situations. But the hook eye, which is on top, tends to catch weeds. Keel - Flattened vertically, this thin head slices through the...

Specialpurpose Flies

Special-purpose flies do not fit in any of the usual fly categories, but they work extremely well in specific fishing situations. Following are some popular special-purpose flies Egg fly - Intended mainly for steelhead and salmon, these simple flies are tied with fluorescent material to imitate a single egg or a cluster of eggs drifting with the cunent. Fish an egg fly by angling your casts upstream, then allowing the fly to drift along bottom at the same speed as the cunent. Leech fly - The...

Stickbaits

Striped Bass Bait Fish

A stickbait walked noisily across the surface will draw gamefish from deep water better than any other surface lure. In clear water, fish may rush the lure from 15 feet down. Stickbaits rank among the top lures for big large-mouths, but they also work well for smallmouth and spotted bass, white and striped bass, pickerel, northem pike and muskies. The basic stickbait retrieve is called walking-thedog. Because of the way it is balanced, a stickbait will move in an altenating left-right-left...

Weightforward Spinners

Walleye Trolling With Snap Weights

Charter-boat captains on Lake Erie rely almost exclusively on weight-forward spinners to locate walleye schools in the vast expanses of open water. The lures excel whenever fish are scattered over a large area or suspended at a certain depth. Most weight-forward spinners also work well for fishing in deep water or fast current. They have narrow bodies which cause them to sink rapidly and hold their depth. Others are better suited to sha1-lower water because their wider bodies give them aplaning...

Crawlers

Flutter Fin Fishing Lure

Crawlers excel when exploring for fish in large expanses of shanow water. They work best with asteady, moderately fast retrieve, enabling you to cover a lot of area quickly. Many largemouth bass. fishermen rate crawlers among the best lures for night fishing. The continuous plopping sound makes it easy to monitor the lure's location. And with a steady retrieve, the line stays taut so yon can detect strikes. Crawlers also work wen for northem pike, pickerel and muskies. Models with a face-plate...

Lifelike Soft Plastics

Grasshopper Soft Plastics

The amazingly lifelike look of many soft plastics can be easily explained they are made from molds of the real thing. Live-bait fishermen would argue that even the best imitation can never be as effective as the genuine food item. But most would agree that soft plastics offer some advantages over live bait. The major advantage is durability. Live bait often tears away from the hook when you cast, and a short-striking fish can easily steal your bait. lmitations stay on the hook much better,...

Crankbaits

Warts Dogs Lips

Fishermen use the term crankbait for any lure with a lip that causes it to dive and wiggle when cranked in. Designed primarily for casting, most crankbaits have a relatively short aerodynamic body. Minnow plugs are sometimes classed as crankbaits, but will be considered as a separate category in this book. Crankbaits work best at water temperatures of 55 F or warmer. At cooler temperatures, fish usua11y refuse to chase fast-moving lures. Because you can cast a crankbait a long distance and...

Soft Plastics

Rigging Plastic Worm With Hooks

Fishermen haye used soft-bodied lures since 1860, when the first rubber worm was patented. But most of the early lures lacked the lifelike action of modern soft plastics because the material was relatively hard by today s standards. In 1949, an Ohio luremaker began molding plastic worms from a new synthetic material, polyvinyl chloride resin. Bass fishermen who tested these lures soon reported fantastic results. Because the worms were so soft, they flexed with each twitch of the line, resulting...

Jerkbaits

Stalker Lure

A jerkbait imitates a large baitfish in distress, diving below the surface, then floating back up or darting erratically from side to side. The term jerkbait results from the sharp, jerky retrieve needed to give the plug its action. Jerkbaits have practically no action with a steady retrieve. Nearly all jerkbaits are made of wood. They fall into two categories high-buoyancy models, most of which have a metal tail to make them dive and low-buoyancy models, which do not have tails. High-buoyancy...

Standard Spinners

Artificial Lures For Pike

The standard spinner has gained a world-wide reputation as a top fishing lure. Its simple design has remained basically unchanged for decades. Because standard spinners sink slowly, they are rnost effective at shallow or rnediurn depths. They work best in open water, but can also be fished in sparse weeds or over weed tops. They are not as weed-resistant as safety-pin spinners. Standard spinners come in two main styles. The most common has a blade attached to the shaft with a clevis. It...

Russian Jigging Spoons

Vertical Jigging Spoon

CONNECT a bladewith a plain snap instead of a snap-swivel. The hooks swing up when the lure sinks and Tay foul on a longer swivel. CLIP your line to the front attachment hole of a vibrating blade to produce the tightest vibration and make the lure run deepest on the retrieve top . Connect the line to the rear hole to produce the widest wobble and make the lure run sha1lowest bottom . HOP a vibrating blade along bottom by first casting beyond the fish zone, then 1 paying out line as it sinks....

Standard Spoons

Replacing Treble Hooks With Single Hooks

Standard spoons come in a confusing array of sizes, shapes and thicknesses. You can greatly improve your fishing success by learning which spoons work best for the fish you pursue and the situations you typically encounter. The major concern in choosing standard spoons is thickness. Some manufacturers make the same design in thick, medium and thin models. Thick spoons wobble best when retrieved rapidly. They can be cast long distances, even in a strong wind. These qualities make them ideai for...

Trolling Plugs

Flatfish Lures Colours

Trolling plugs differ greatly in appearance and action, but share one common feature their design makes them difficult to cast. Many have too much wind resistance, some tangle too easily and others are simply too heavy. Most trolling plugs have broad, flat foreheads that produce an exceptionally wide wobble. Some have lips or scooped-out heads that give them a nanower, crankbait-like wobble. A few have flattened faces, resulting in an enatic, darting action. Fishermen generally use trolling...

Spinnerbaits

Northern Pike Lures

Spinnerbaits were designed to solve the problems encountered by southem bass anglers in trying to fish reservoirs strewn with timber and brush. Standard or weight-forward spinners snag too easily under these conditions. The shaft of a spinnerbait is bent in the shape of an open safety pin. The bent shaft prevents weeds and branches from fouling the hook and blade. Yet spinnerbaits hook fish better than most other weedless lures because the entire hook is exposed. Many fishermen use spinnerbaits...