almost all common sport fish will strike a fly or popper of some variety
Flies and poppers are small, very light, almost weightless lures used primarily for flyfishing. A spincast or spinning rod and reel outfitted with a "bubble" (clear bobber) placed four to five feet above the lure works well if you don't have a fly rod. These lures are excellent for sunfish and bass, but most any fish can be caught on these baits.
BLUE WING OLIVE
BLUE WING OLIVE
Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus
Other names: channel, willow cat, fiddler cat, twister
Fishing Tips: Most active in the evening or early night. Easily attracted and caught during the day by baiting holes with soured grain, cottonseed cake, hard dog food or alfalfa cubes. Use worms, cutbait, shrimp, liver, blood or stink baits.
Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
Other names: bream, perch, tiger sunfish, gills
Fishing Tips: The simplest of tackle is all that is needed to catch these feisty, hand-sized fish. Preferred baits are worms, crickets, mealworms, small jigs, spinners, miniature insect crankbaits or flyfishing tackle (i.e. flies, poppers, worm imitations,etc.).
Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides
Other names: bass, largemouth, bigmouth, bucketmouth
Fishing Tips: They will strike artificial baits including crankbaits, spinner baits, jigs, soft plastics, spoons, flies and other various live bait look-alikes. Largemouth bass relish live baits such as minnows, earthworms, crawfish, leeches, frogs, lizards, insects and even small mice when the opportunity offers itself.
Other names: crappie, white perch, papermouth
Fishing Tips: Black crappie are fond of small minnows, small streamer flies, small marabou or plastic jigs and worms.
Southern Flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma
Other names: flounder
Fishing tips: Fish with live finger mullet, mud minnows, live shrimp or artificial lures close to the bottom. May also be gigged in shallow water along reefs or shorelines during low moon phases with a tide movement using a lantern or some other artificial light.
Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellatus
Other names: redfish, reds, bull red, rat red
Fishing tips: Use live finger mullet, cut mullet, live croaker, live or dead shrimp and lures fished close to the bottom. Gold and silver spoons also work well.
Note: There are stocked red drum in a few of our fresh water impoundments.
Spotted Seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus
Other names: Specks, speckled trout, trout, spotted weakfish
Fishing tips: Use live shrimp, live finger mullet, live croaker or artificial baits (i.e. shrimp/shad imitations).
Atlantic Croaker, Micropogon undulatus
Other names: golden croaker, croaker
Fishing tips: Offer peeled shrimp fished close to the bottom. In fall, catch larger fish during migration to the Gulf.
Texas has 191,000 miles of streams and rivers (3,700 named streams and 15 major rivers). These waterways are the key element in maintaining much of our state's natural heritage.
Each waterway forms an ecosystem that flows into one of 212 major reservoirs and eventually into seven major estuaries along the Texas coast, supporting the best inland and coastal fisheries in the United States.
Additionally, healthy aquatic communities in Texas rivers, reservoirs and estuaries provide unparalleled recreational opportunities to millions of Texans.
Our fresh and saltwater environments vary from streams, to rivers, lakes and reservoirs, marshes, bays and the Gulf of Mexico. Each one provides unique habitats for a diversity of fish, bird, reptile, amphibian, crustacean and insect species.
Micro-organisms (tiny plants and animals) feed macro-invertebrates (like insect larvae) and small fish, which feed larger fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians. Of course, humans also play a role by eating fish and other aquatic organisms. When aquatic life dies and starts to decay, microorganisms feed off the decaying material and the process starts over.
This is called the food chain.
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